The number of children under five dying in the al-Hawl refugee camp in northern Syria has more than doubled since March, according to data from the International Rescue Committee.

Figures show that child mortality at the camp, which houses women and children displaced following the fall of Islamic State, rose from 142 deaths as of mid-March to 313 by the start of September.

Child mortality accounts for the overwhelming majority of all deaths at the camp, which is controlled by the US-supported Syrian Democratic Forces. Of the total 406 recorded deaths between 1 December 2018 and 1 September 2019, 339 – more than 80% – were among children.

The main causes of death were severe malnutrition, diarrhoea and pneumonia.

The camp, near the border with Iraq, is known among its female residents as Jabal Baghuz, or Baghuz Mountain, named after the oasis town on the Euphrates river where their husbands were finally defeated in March.

The majority of the 70,000 people living in the al-Hawl camp are women and children. The IRC…

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Child deaths double inside six months at Syria’s al-Hawl camp | Global development
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